In 2015, the Indian economy was the world's seventh-largest by nominal GDP and third-largest by purchasing power parity (PPP).
Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing major economies; it is considered a newly industrialised country.
India is a federal republic governed under a parliamentary system and consists of 29 states and 7 union territories.
However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition and inadequate public healthcare.
A nuclear weapons state and a regional power, it has the third-largest standing army in the world and ranks sixth in military expenditure among nations.
President-elect of the United States Donald Trump arrives with his family to make his acceptance speech at the New York Hilton Midtown on November 8, 2016 in New York City.Trump stunned the political world by defeating Hillary Clinton. 9, 1906, Theodore Roosevelt travels to Panama to observe the construction of the canal.He was the first sitting President of the United States to embark on an official trip outside the country. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (with over 1.2 billion people), and the most populous democracy in the world.
Four religions—Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism—originated here, whereas Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam arrived in the 1st millennium CE and also shaped the region's diverse culture.
Gradually annexed by and brought under the administration of the British East India Company from the early 18th century and administered directly by the United Kingdom after the Indian Rebellion of 1857, India became an independent nation in 1947 after a struggle for independence that was marked by non-violent resistance led by Mahatma Gandhi.