The valley of the River Hull has been inhabited since the early Neolithic period but there is little evidence of a substantial settlement in the area of the present city.The redevelopment of one of Hull's main thoroughfares, Ferensway, included the opening of St Stephen's Hull and the new Hull Truck Theatre.Spectator sports include Premier League football and Super League Rugby.In 2013, it was announced that Hull would be the 2017 UK City of Culture.In 2015 it was announced that the Ferens Art Gallery will be hosting the prestigious annual art prize, The Turner Prize, in 2017. Kingston upon Hull stands on the north bank of the Humber estuary at the mouth of its tributary, the River Hull. The town of Hull was founded late in the 12th century.The monks of Meaux Abbey needed a port where the wool from their estates could be exported.
The city is unique in the UK in having had a municipally owned telephone system from 1902, sporting cream, not red, telephone boxes.
After suffering heavy damage in the Second World War (the 'Hull Blitz'), gaining unfavourable results on measures of social deprivation, education and policing.