The marketplace where farmers brought in crops from surrounding towns to sell survives today as the small park at the corner of John F.
Kennedy and Winthrop Streets, then at the edge of a salt marsh and since filled.
In May 1638 Hooker and Shepard, Newtowne's ministers, and the college's first president, major benefactor, and first schoolmaster were all Cambridge alumni, as was the colony's governor John Winthrop.
Thomas Dudley, his daughter Anne Bradstreet, and her husband Simon, were among the first settlers of the town. The settlement was initially referred to as "the newe towne".
Located at the first convenient Charles River crossing west of Boston, Newe Towne was one of a number of towns (including Boston, Dorchester, Watertown, and Weymouth), founded by the 700 original Puritan colonists of the Massachusetts Bay Colony under governor John Winthrop.
Cambridge is home to two of the world's most prominent universities, Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
The town included a much larger area than the present city, In 1636, the Newe College (later renamed Harvard College after benefactor John Harvard) was founded by the colony to train ministers.
Newe Towne was chosen for the site of the college by the Great and General Court (the Massachusetts legislature) primarily—according to Cotton Mather—to be near the popular and highly respected Puritan preacher Thomas Shepard.