say that the mountains were called green because they were more forested than the higher White Mountains of New Hampshire and Adirondacks of New York; others say that the predominance of mica-quartz-chlorite schist, a green-hued metamorphosed shale, is the reason.
The west bank of the Connecticut River marks the eastern (New Hampshire) border of the state (the river is part of New Hampshire).
Lake Champlain, the major lake in Vermont, is the sixth-largest body of fresh water in the United States and separates Vermont from New York in the northwest portion of the state.
Ultimately, those settlers prevailed in creating an independent state, the Vermont Republic.
Founded in 1777 during the Revolutionary War, the republic lasted for 14 years. as the 14th state—the first to be admitted to the union after the original 13 colonies.
For many years, the nearby colonies, especially the provinces of New Hampshire and New York, disputed control of the area (then called the New Hampshire Grants).
Settlers who held land titles granted by New York were opposed by the Green Mountain Boys militia, which supported the many settlers whose claims were based on grants from New Hampshire.