Apollo 7 fulfilled Apollo 1's mission of testing the Apollo Command/Service Module (CSM) in low Earth orbit. Despite tension between the crew and ground controllers, the mission was a complete technical success, giving NASA the confidence to send Apollo 8 into orbit around the Moon two months later.
The flight would prove to be the final space flight for all of its three crew members — and the only one for both Cunningham and Eisele — when it splashed down in the Atlantic Ocean on October 22, 1968.
It was also the final manned launch from Cape Kennedy.
Schirra, Eisele, and Cunningham were first named as an Apollo crew on September 29, 1966.
It was scheduled to launch in February 1967, but a fire in the cabin during a January 1967 test killed the crew. It was the first time a Saturn IB vehicle put a crew into space; Apollo 7 was the first three-person American space mission, and the first to include a live TV broadcast from an American spacecraft.
The Command Module (CM) and astronauts' spacesuits had been extensively redesigned, to reduce and eliminate the chance of a repeat of the accident which killed the first crew.Schirra thus became the only astronaut to fly Mercury, Gemini and Apollo missions.His crew would test the life support, propulsion, guidance and control systems during this "open-ended" mission (meaning it would be extended as it passed each test).Apollo 7 was a 1968 human spaceflight mission carried out by the United States. spaceflight to carry astronauts since the flight of Gemini XII in November 1966.
It was the first mission in the United States' Apollo program to carry a crew into space. The AS-204 mission, also known as "Apollo 1", was intended to be the first manned flight of the Apollo program. (Official crew titles were made consistent with those that would be used for the manned lunar landing missions: Eisele was Command Module Pilot and Cunningham was Lunar Module Pilot.) Their mission was Apollo's 'C' mission, an 11-day Earth-orbital test flight to check out the redesigned Block II CSM with a crew on board.The duration was limited to 11 days, reduced from the original 14-day limit for Apollo 1.