Here are five key takeaways from our survey: The vast majority of Israelis who say they are Christian also say they are ethnically Arab.
In this regard, they share an ethnicity with the larger Muslim population, which makes up an estimated 14% of Israel’s adult population and is almost entirely Arab.
Indeed, as of 2010, Christians made up a small share (4%) of the population in the Middle East-North Africa region as a whole.
A Pew Research Center survey of Israel provides a rare window into the religious beliefs and practices of this close-knit group.
For example, majorities of Christians (80%) and Muslims (72%) say the Israeli government is making a sincere effort to achieve a peace agreement with the Palestinians, and most Christians (79%) and Muslims (61%) in Israel also say the continued building of Jewish settlements in the West Bank hurts Israel’s security.
And Israeli Christians (86%) and Muslims (75%) both overwhelmingly say the U. is Israeli Christians tend to be less religious than Israeli Muslims but more religious than Israeli Jews on key measures of religious commitment.
About seven-in-ten Christians (72%) and 63% of Muslims take this view.
(Photo credit: Ahmad Gharabli/AFP/Getty Images) Religion plays a significant role in Israeli society, and because so many Christians around the world look to the country where Jesus lived and died as a source of inspiration, Israel’s tiny Christian community is of special interest.
For example, in Israel, 57% of Christians say religion is very important to them personally, compared with roughly two-thirds (68%) of Muslims and three-in-ten Jews.
Most of Israel’s Druze population also identifies as ethnically Arab, although Druze are often considered a unique ethnoreligious group.
be a democracy and a Jewish state at the same time.
Four of the five most recent popes have visited Israel; Pope Francis traveled there in 2014.
Christians currently make up just 2% of Israel’s adult population.