O'Reilly collected 10,000 signatures The protest ended with O'Reilly and Bezos visiting Washington, D. On May 12, 2006, the USPTO ordered a re-examination of the "One-Click" patent, based on a request filed by actor Peter Calveley, who cited the prior art of an earlier e-commerce patent and the Digicash electronic cash system.
Since its founding, the website has attracted criticism and controversy from multiple sources, where the ethics of certain business practices and policies have been drawn into question.
Amazon has faced numerous allegations of anti-competitive or monopolistic behavior, both in and out of court.
This includes documented instances of price differentiation, enforcement of controversial patents against competitors, attempts to prevent discounted direct selling by publishers, and a declared intention to cease working with third-party print on demand services in favor of its own.
Questions have been raised concerning the company's legal compliance.
On February 22, 2000, the company was granted a patent covering an Internet-based customer referral system, or what is commonly called an "affiliate program".
Industry leaders Tim O'Reilly and Charlie Jackson spoke out against the patent, to Jeff Bezos, the CEO of Amazon, protesting the 1-click patent and the affiliate program patent, and petitioning him to "avoid any attempts to limit the further development of Internet commerce". On February 25, 2003, the company was granted a patent titled "Method and system for conducting a discussion relating to an item on Internet discussion boards".
Amazon and others have cited freedom of speech as justification for stocking controversial work.However this was brought into question in 2010 when it stopped hosting the Wikileaks website.