Led by Tjeerd van Andel of the University of Cambridge...NEANDERTALS AND MODERNS TRADED CONTROL OF CAVES IN MIDEAST z55\clip02\ Humans and Neandertals Battle for Control of the Middle East?By Ben Harder for National Geographic News March 8, 2002 "The finding indicated that Skhul and Kafzeh-and, presumably, much or all of the surrounding region-passed from human hands back into Neandertal control between 65,000 and 80,000 years ago." A virtual tour of a Neanderthal cave Full text: a few of our many ancient relatives.z45\clip00\BBC DNA clues to Neanderthal Oct 11, 2000.Samples show they showed little variation, were as different from Europeans as other modern races, no evidence of interbreeding z47\clip01\ disputes theory of human migration January 12, 2001 In this story: Neanderthal influence A controversial conclusion AP) -- Anthropologists analyzing ancient skulls from around the world say modern humans did not arise from a single migration from Africa, but from small groups that journeyed to every continent and intermingled with archaic humans such as the Neanderthal.Their fossilized remains, and the people who discovered them, tell extraordinary stories about our past. Full text: back in time to see why we are the way we are.Our bodies, our behaviors - all can be better understood by looking at our prehistoric past. Full text: SEP 06, 2001 New Evidence of Early Humans Unearthed in Russia's North By JOHN NOBLE WILFORD Stone tools, animal bones and an incised mammoth tusk found in Russia's frigid far north have provided what archaeologists say is the first evidence that modern humans or Neanderthals lived in the Arctic more than 30,000 years ago, at least 15,000 years earlier than previously thought.
Nature 404, 490 - 493 (2000) Macmillan Publishers Ltd. KHARITONOV, KERSTIN LIDN & WILLIAM GOODWIN Here we report the second mitochondrial DNA (mt DNA) analysis of a Neanderthal, and the first such analysis on clearly dated Neanderthal remains.
Molecular analysis of Neanderthal DNA from the northern Caucasus IGOR V. The specimen is from one of the eastern-most Neanderthal populations, recovered from Mezmaiskaya Cave in the northern Caucasus.