Thus, for example, it considers the marriages of two Protestant, Jewish, or even nonbelieving persons to be binding.
Any question of dissolution must come before a Church court (tribunal).
I do not understand this since I was not married in the Catholic Church.The Catholic Church respects all marriages and presumes that they are valid.Jesus himself taught that marriage is permanent (Matthew 19:3-6), and St.Paul reinforced this teaching (see 1 Cor -11 and Eph -32). Divorced Catholics in good standing with the Church, who have not remarried or who have remarried following an annulment, may receive the sacraments. What support does the Church offer to divorced persons?
The Church does not recognize a civil divorce because the State cannot dissolve what is indissoluble. Are divorced people excommunicated from the Catholic Church? Divorced people are full members of the Church and are encouraged to participate in its activities. Catholics who have civilly divorced are encouraged to speak with their parish priest or a spiritual director about their particular situation regarding reception of Holy Communion. The Church understands the pain of those caught in this situation. Many dioceses offer programs and support groups for divorced and separated persons.When divorce is the only possible recourse, the Church offers her support to those involved and encourages them to remain close to the Lord through frequent reception of the Sacraments, especially the Holy Eucharist. Catholic Divorce Ministry, The Beginning Experience, and Journey of Hope are helpful resources.