It takes about 5,730 years for half of a sample of radiocarbon to decay back into nitrogen.It takes another 5,730 for half of the remainder to decay, and then another 5,730 for half of what's left then to decay and so on.Radiocarbon decays slowly in a living organism, and the amount lost is continually replenished as ... This is how carbon dating works: Carbon is a naturally abundant element found in the atmosphere, in the earth, in the oceans, and in every living creature.
The new isotope is called "radiocarbon" because it is radioactive, though it is not dangerous.
It is naturally unstable and so it will spontaneously decay back into N-14 after a period of time.
-14 is continually formed in nature by the interaction of neutrons with nitrogen-14 in the Earth’s atmosphere; the neutrons required for this reaction are produced by cosmic rays interacting with the atmosphere.
Radiocarbon present in molecules of atmospheric : it is absorbed from the air by green plants and then passed on to animals through the food chain.
C-12 is by far the most common isotope, while only about one in a trillion carbon atoms is C-14.
C-14 is produced in the upper atmosphere when nitrogen-14 (N-14) is altered through the effects of cosmic radiation bombardment (a proton is displaced by a neutron effectively changing the nitrogen atom into a carbon isotope).