One in 10 adolescents reported being hit or physically hurt on purpose by a boyfriend or girlfriend at least once in the previous year.Over time, controlling and demanding behavior may become increasingly violent and that violence can have negative effects on physical and mental health throughout life (including lower self-esteem, eating disorders and suicidal thoughts).Peers, in particular, play a big role in identity formation, but relationships with caring adults – including parents, mentors or coaches – are also important for adolescent development.Often, the parent-adolescent relationship is the one relationship that informs how a young person handles other relationships.Although definitions vary, bullying usually involves an imbalance of power, an intent to hurt, and repetition of the behavior. Sexual identity, sex of sexual contacts, and health-risk behaviors among students in grades 9–12 — Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance, selected sites, United States, 2001–2009. Adolescents who bully use their power to control or harm, and those being bullied sometimes feel powerless to defend themselves. Sexual behavior, sexual attraction, and sexual identity in the United States: Data from the 2006–2008 National Survey of Family Growth: (Table 12 and Table 13). Bouris, A., Guilamo-Ramos, Pickard, A., Shiu, C., Loosier, P. Unfortunately, adolescents sometimes develop unhealthy relationships, and experience or exhibit bullying or dating violence.Some adolescents get involved in unhealthy dating relationships.
Both boys and girls often try on different identities and roles during this time, and relationships contribute to their development.Many lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) adolescents are happy and thrive during their teenage years.As a group they are more likely than their heterosexual peers to experience difficulties: LGBT adolescents are at increased risk for suicide attempts, being homeless, alcohol use, and risky sex.Many schools and communities have anti-bullying initiatives in place; new resources are being developed by the federal government and other institutions to help adolescents, parents, and others understand bullying and cyberbullying.
Bullying is a serious problem, but it can be prevented or stopped when those involved know how to address it.Many adolescents have experienced bullying, whether they were bullied, bullied someone else, or saw someone being bullied. A systematic review of parental influences on the health and well-being of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth: Time for a new public health research and practice agenda.