Of these, golf is the oldest sport, dating to 15th-century Scotland.
It took until 1860 before the first British Open was played at the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews in Scotland.
In those days, the heads of Douglas Mc Ewan golf clubs (also sold as D.
Mc Ewan & Son) were made of beech while the shafts were fashioned from hickory. all got their start in the late 1800s, producing clubs that competed with those imported from Scotland.
These high-wheel bikes (also called high-wheelers or penny-farthings) were eye-catching and not as difficult to get onto as they looked, but they were next to impossible to stop once they got going, which often resulted in crashes that would send the rider flying over the handlebars.
Irons were often made of bronze, especially for use as “mashies” or “lofters,” which helped golfers chip a ball out of tall grass. William Leslie of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, made “gutties,” as gutta-percha balls were known, at the beginning of the 20th century, while Coburn Haskell of Cleveland, Ohio, was one of the first companies to promote rubber-core or rubber-wound balls.
As for golf balls, 19th-century versions, which are highly collectible today, ranged from ones with horsehide exteriors and chicken-feather stuffing to solid balls made of a hardened sap called gutta percha. of Ediburgh and the Helsby by the Telegraph Manufacturing Company are just two of the brands and makers of the day. People would even have these balls recovered—Haskells that have been recovered bear the letters “RCH” on their outside surfaces.
Well heeled collectors can opt for an 1817 Draisine, named for its German inventor, Karl von Drais, or the wood-and-iron velocipedes or "boneshakers," which appeared in England and France around 1863.
As bicycles evolved in the 19th century, their front wheels got enormous—gears had not been invented, so the only way for engineers to increase the speed of a bike was to enlarge its front wheel.
Other items collected by golf lovers include tees, which ranged from two-piece anchor tees to Bakelite molds for making tees out of sand to conical paper tees that featured advertisements on their sides for everything from soft drinks to sanitariums.
Books about golf, especially those describing the golf courses of Scotland (see “The Golf Book of East Lothian,” 1896) remain popular, as do early books on golf published in the States (see “Golf in America,” 1895).