Rastitel’nost’ Srednei Azii i Iuzhnogo Kazakhstana, 2nd ed., book 2. In the mid-fifth century the Ephthalites established in Middle Asia a state in which there developed the preconditions for the emergence of feudal relations. The Ephthalite state broke up in the 560’s under pressure from the Turkic peoples, who in the mid-sixth century had created the Turkic Kaganate, a large state in which feudal relations were developing. Kommunisticheskaia partiia Uzbekistana v rezoliutsiiakh i postanovleniiakh s”ezdov, 2nd ed. Kommunisticheskaia partiia Turkestana i Uzbekistana v tsifrakh.
Middle Asia, including what is now Uzbekistan, formed part of the Kushana Kingdom from the end of the first century .
The bodies of local government in the oblasts, raions, cities, city districts, settlements, kishlaks (hamlets), and auls (villages) are the soviets of people’s deputies, which are elected by the population for 2½ year terms. By the mid-eighth century the Arab Caliphate had conquered Middle Asia and forced it to accept Islam.
The Uzbek SSR is represented by 32 deputies in the Soviet of Nationalities of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. The peoples of Middle Asia courageously resisted the conquerors. Leninskaia natsional’naia politika v deistvii: Otvet ideologam antikommunizma, izvrashchaiushchim istoricheskii opyt stroitel’stva sotsializma v respublikakh Srednei Azii i Kazakhstane.
Most of the land cultivators were kedivers, who were personally bound to the rich landowners, or dehqans.
In Middle Asia (West Turkic Kaganate) the population consisted of settled land cultivators and nomadic stock raisers. Keizer.)KPSS i Sovetskoe provitel’stvo ob Uzbekistane: Sb.
The Uzbek SSR is a socialist state of the whole people, expressing the will and interests of the workers, dehqans (peasants), and intelligentsia, the working people of all nationalities; a Union soviet socialist republic. 19, 1978, by the Extraordinary Sixth Session of the Ninth Convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the Uzbek SSR. Cotton cultivation, sericulture, and the silk and cotton trade developed extensively in Middle Asia during this period. The highest state body is the unicameral Supreme Soviet of the Uzbek SSR, composed of 510 deputies elected for five-year terms by equally populated electorates. Gold, copper, iron, lead, silver, and other metals were mined, and local artisans fashioned them into coins, weapons, and domestic articles.