The Colosseum was originally known as the Flavian Amphitheatre.Senate and Mamertine Prison Senate, the home of democracy!The floor inside is still the original dating to around 200 a.d. Just one room with three steps on both sides running almost whole length of building. When they had to vote on something they would stand up and move to one side of the building which meant they were saying yes. Mamertine prison This was the p lace where St Peter and St Paul were held before their crucifixation.Plaques on wall near entrance detail the people who were held here and sometimes killed and the method of death, starvation, strangulation etc.
Julius Caesar, Marc Anthony have all been inside here.It was at time when Roman empire split into two parts east and west. Constantine killed and defeated Maxentius and then just spent six months finishing the palace off and so sometimes it is called basilica Constantine Palatine Hill Platform on palatine hill giving fantastic view of the Roman Forum the centre of Rome for 1000 years.This particular building has been burned down many times and rebuilt.In the middle ages it was converted into a church, but in the 1930s it was given back to rome and the people of rome but it was in such a bad state it was knocked down and rebuilt using as much of the original material and bricks as possible to keep it as original as possible. At busy times there were up to 300 senators in the Senate.
Below ground level there is the stone that Peter and Paul were chained to and a small shrine.
Basilica Maxentius Emperor Maxentius was building this as his palace but never saw it finished. These two Emperors went to war against each other here in Rome at the battle of the Milvian bridge December 28 312 a.d.