Black people in Colombia are all descendants of Africans originally brought as slaves to work in mining and agriculture in colonial New Granada. The Pacific coastal region, a very humid, heavily forested zone, is criss-crossed with myriad rivers. The term "Costeño" (coastal dweller), is often used to imply blackness, since many Afro-Colombians live in coastal regions. In the English-language literature, the terms "Black" (sometimes "black") or "Black person" are more common than "Afro-Colombian." Location. This essay will not deal with them (but see Cifuentes 1986 and Wilson 1973). "Instrumentos musicales del alto y bajo Chocó." Revista Colombiana de Folclor 2(6): 77-114. Blackness and Race Mixture: The Dynamics of Racial Identity in Colombia. Terminology is morally and politically charged, and therefore usage is complex. The Devil and Commodity Fetishism in South America.
Since the late 1980s, with increasing Black politicization, the term "Negro" is more common, although reference to "Comunidades Negras," Black communities, has been institutionalized to some extent by a 1993 law that refers to them as such. " Cimarrones and Palenques: Runaways and Resistance in Colonial Colombia." Slavery and Abolition, A Journal of Comparative Studies 6(3): 131-151.
Some people use the euphemistic "Moreno" (Brown) or "Morocho" (Dark), others the general "Gente de Color" (Colored people), to identify themselves and others.