^■ THE LIBRARY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA LOS ANGELES BRADFORD-ON-AVON BRADFORD-ON-AYON : A HISTORY AND DESCRIPTION. Levenot held it in the time of King Edward and it was assessed at four hides. Here are four acres of meadow and five acres of wood. The King has one hide of this manor in demesne where there is no land in tillage. If so, Bradford Wood, which is now seventy acres in extent, must formerly have been double that size, by no means an improba- ble supposition, as, in a survey of 1785 it is described as "about 105 acres," and within the memory of many now living, parts of it have been grubbed up and tilled. 552 (8vo edition, 1836.) See also on this subject Hallam's ' Europe in the Middle Ages,' vol. We may from the Domesday return, form a tolerable con- jecture as to the population of our parish, or manor, as it would have been called in these early days. In § 5 it is said, — " Pageii holds Cuinhreioelle of Humphrey. Two villagers and four borderers occupy the other three plough-lands. The latter calcula- tion may relate principally, if not entirely, to what is now called Bradford Wood, and does not include many pieces of wood-land and coppice, that even to this day remain. Meadow or Pasture land 5956 ,, 28 Bradford-iipon-Avon.
REPRINTED FROM THE WILTSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL MAGAZINE ANNOTATED AND BROUGHT UP TO DATE BY J. Andrews and Dury designate a portion of the stream ' Iford Brook.' The present boundary line of the parish of Westwood k'aves the river at Iford (which is partly in Westwood and By the Rev. In a few years the country parish was, in early times, thickly covered with wood. In Bradford, however, we seem to have been comparatively favoured. It most likely spread over that portion of ground which lies between the cross in the lanes, already alluded to, and Stowford. There is no name at all like this, (the literal meaning of which is ' war-chariot,') given to any brook in the direction indicated, at the present time. As early as 1299, in the reign of Edward I., it is spoken of as the ' Chapel of Westwode in the parish of Bradford,' one "John de Waspre " being named as " Pa- tronus " ; and " Eobert de Hauvyle " as, " Clericus."^ It must have been severed from the manor of Bradford no long time after the date of this gift to Shaftesbury, for we find it bestowed on Winchester Bishopric by Queen Emma, mother of Edward the Confessor. Then followed the most complete and the last conquest of England. Domesday Book was completed in 1086, just twenty years after the battle of Hastings, and that remarkable record shows how the country had been portioned out among the captains of the invaders. It •was assessed in the time of King Edward at forty-two hides. Thirteen of these hides are in demesne, ■where are eight plough-lands, and nine servants, and eighteen freedmen (coliberti). The pasture is one mile and three furlongs in length and three farlongs broad. It is not easy to explain how Alvestone was first reckoned as parcel of the Manor of Bradford, nor when it was severed from it. Brictric had a brother Alwi; and a brother of Brictric, 2)resumably Alwi, held Farlege (Monkton Farleigh) as his under-tenant, in the time of King William. Four of the hides are in demesne, where are three ploughlands. It may perhaps be accounted for by the fact that it was Church land. Bovetone, John Tanner, Nicholas — ody, John Proche. Under the head of Lauds of the Church of Shaftesbury we have the following^ : — (Ch. § 3.) "The same Church (Shaftesbury) holds Bradeford. Here is an arpen^ (arpenna) of vines and fifty acres of meadow.
Withenham was probably on the Winfield side of the lane, as in Domesday Book it is mentioned next to Wine-fel and was held by the same person. 23 imare innen Auene : for S be Auene Sat it cumet t6 Ferse- for S Ses abbotes imare innen Mitford ; of 6anne forde gyet be Ses abbotes imare ; eft into Auene ; swo in t Jer be Auene Sat it cumet eft to 5es abbotes imare to Werl^ghe; swa be Ses abbotes imare to i Elfgares imare to Farnl6ghe; for S be is imare o5 Sat it cumet to Ses kinges imare at Heselberi ; for S be Ses kinges imare Sat it cumet to -^Ifgares imare at Attenwr Se ; for S be is imare Sat it cumet to Leofwines landimare at Coseham ; of San imare to Ses aldremannes im- are at Witlege ; for S be Sanne imare Sat it cumet to ^Ifwiges imare at Broctune to Sanne wude Se iera S into Broctune ; eft at seuen pirien ; for S be ^Ifnodes imare innen ^5el- win's boundary to the Avon ; forth by the Avon till you come to Freshford the bound- ary of the Abbot in Mitford ; from the ford you go by the Abbot's boundary ; then back to the Avon ; so on there by the Avon till you come to the Abbot's boundary at Warleigh; so by the Abbot's boundary to ^Ifgar's boundary at Farleigh; forth by his boundary till you come to the King's boundary at Haselbury ;i forth by the King's boundary till you come to i Elfgar's boundary at At- ivorth; forth by liis boundary till you come to Leofwin's landmark at Corsham; from th'-it boundary to the alder- man's boundary at Willcij ; forth by that boundary till you come to y Elfwy's boundary at Broughton to the wood- that partly in Tr Gshford parish) and bearing first of all to the west and then to the north-cast, reaches the Avon very near to the point where the river Frome empties itself into it. Formerly there was a Church at Haselbury, though all traces of it have now been lost. Of Westwood we may say, in passing, that, though in a different hundred from Bradford, and in many respects quite indepen- dent of it, it has from time immemorial been held jointly with Bradford. We have brought our narrative down to the commencement of the eleventh century. 25 presented the singular spectacle of a native population with a foreign sovereign, a foreign hierarchy, and a foreign nohility. This is the reason why, to this day, Farleigli Hungerford parish stands partly in Somerset and partly in Wilts. Withenham, held by the Hungerfords under the Lord Zouche ; Rowley, held by them under the Abbess of Shaftesbury. Captain Gaistord's propert}', called Wiltshire Park, is pan of it, and a lane there is still called Rowley lane. This is now the name of a Farm-house, with spacious premises, the remains of its former importance, in the parish of Box John Leland was entertained there by John Bouham in 1541. It will be seen, that as far as we can trace with accuracy the description given in the charter of the extent of the ' vill of Bradford,' it includes, not only the present boundaries of the parish, but the parishes of Winfield, Westwood, and a part of what is now in the parish of Farleigh Hungerford.