In particular, the 1807 law prohibited the transportation of slaves after 1808, and section 9 required that all vessels of 40 tons or more carrying slaves in the coastwise trade file duplicate manifests (ports of origin and destination) showing name, age and description of each slave, the name and residence of exporter and consignee, and pledge that the slave had not been imported after 1807. RG 48 Records of the Office of the Secretary of the Interior By an act of Congress, March 3, 1849, the Department of Interior consolidated in one department the General Land Office (under the Secretary of Treasury), Commissioner of Indian Affairs and Office of the Commissioner of Pensions (under the Secretary of War), Patent Office (under the Secretary of State), Commissioner of Public buildings, and assumed the jurisdiction over census taking, marshals and court officers, charitable and penal institutions in the District of Columbia. 601), with responsibility for the cataloging, slae, and distribution of Federal Government publications.Records Relating to the Suppression of the African Slave Trade and to Negro Colonization, 1854-72 Several laws were passed in the 19th century for the suppression of the African slave trade and for support of the colonization of recaptured and free Africans. By 1972, when the National Archives acquired the library, it included official publications dating from the early years of the government.Records Relating Directly to Slavery and Emancipation RG 59, General Records of the Department of State By an act of Congress, July 27, 1789, ( 1Stat.28), the President approved establishing the first executive department of the Federal Government. Domestic functions were assigned to the Department, but with the expansion of the Government most of these were passed to other agencies. Taney, Attorney General, July 20, 1831- September 24, 1833 Benjamin F. The Treasury Department received control over commercial intercourse, and Special Agents under the Special Agency system were given authority to supervise trade and commerce in areas of the Confederacy occupied by Union forces.Designated the Department of Foreign Affairs, (an Act of September 1789 changed the name to the Department of State), the new Department was established to help the President carry out his constitutional responsibility for conducting the U. Under Treasury Department regulations of July 29, 1864, it established "freedmen's home colonies" to provide employment and welfare to assistance to freed slaves. Abstract of Accounts for Bounty for the capture of ships in the Slave Trade. Gives name of the claimant, name of captured and capturing ships, and name of the payee. These records are located at Archives l in Washington, D. Settled Accounts of Claimants and Disbursing Officers of the First Auditor. Claims case files include: African shipping;the bounty on Blacks illegally imported;the support of captured Africans illegally entering the United States; bounty for the capture of illegal slave ships; expenditures of the American Colonization Society in support of persons of African descent.
The Secretary of Interior accumulated much correspondence related to a variety of issues and subjects surrounding the suppression of the trade from the President, Congress, various executive departments, 1858-72, and from U. The islands had originally been administered by the Danish West India and Guinea Company, 1672-1754, succeeded by the Danish Crown, 1754-1917, except for periods of British occupation in 18-1815. 257) prohibited commercial intercourse between people residing in the seceded states and citizens of the United States and provided that merchandise transported for commercial purposes from or to the Confederacy would be forfeited to the United States.The following is information found in the records of the National Archives and Records Administration. RG 29 Records of the Bureau of the Census (crop schedules) RG 36 Records of the United States Customs Service, 1745 - 1982 Congress created the Custom Service on July 31, 1789 and made it a part of the Department of Treasury (September 1789). Bound volumes also show summary of action taken, number of the petition, amount awarded, and signature of the claimant. The core collection is a library that was maintained by GPO's Public Documents Division during the period 1895-1972, and whose contents were arranged according to the Su Doc System.It identifies the record group and series, with brief descriptions and locations. Some of the records are microfilmed, and have been noted. The service assisted other agencies in the enforcement of the slave trading laws that were passed between 1794 to 1820. These records are microfilmed under Microfilm Number 520. The library began in 1895 following the establishment of GPO of the position of Superintendent of Documents by an act of January 12, 1895 (28 Stat. Petitions disclosed name of petitioner, slaves, and value of slaves claimed in the petition. Government, 1790-1979 This record group is a collection of selected publications of U. Government agencies, arranged according to a classification system (Su Doc System) devised by the Office of the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office (GPO).
The President was authorized to appoint a board of commissioners to examine petitions for compensation from former owners of freed slaves in the District.
There are several series that account for the Department of Treasury involvement with the African slave trade.