Serbia has a well-established theatrical tradition with many theatres.
The Serbian National Theatre was established in 1861 with its building dating from 1868.
The Cinema of Serbia comprises the art of film and creative movies made within the nation of Serbia or by Serbian filmmakers abroad.
Serbia (both as an independent country and as of former Yugoslavia) has been home to many internationally acclaimed films and directors.
Serbian cinema continued to make progress in the 1990s and today despite the turmoil of the 1990s.
As at 2001, there were 167 cinemas in Serbia (excluding Kosovo) and over 4 million Serbs went to the cinema in that year.
Emir Kusturica won two Golden Palms for Best Feature Film at the Cannes Film Festival, for When Father Was Away on Business in 1985 and then again for Underground in 1995.
In 1998, Kusturica won a Silver Lion for directing Black Cat, White Cat.
It has become one of the most significant culture institutions of Serbia.
The cinema was established reasonably early in Serbia with 12 films being produced before the start of World War II.