The General Assembly recognizes that sex offenders often pose a high risk of engaging in sex offenses even after being released from incarceration or commitment and that protection of the public from sex offenders is of paramount governmental interest. (b1) A person who indicates his or her intent to reside in another state or jurisdiction and later decides to remain in this State shall, within three business days after the date upon which the person indicated he or she would leave this State, report in person to the sheriff's office to which the person reported the intended change of residence, of his or her intent to remain in this State. (3) The verification form shall be signed by the person and shall indicate the following: a.Release of information about these offenders will further the governmental interests of public safety so long as the information released is rationally related to the furtherance of those goals. The following definitions apply in this Article: (1a) "Aggravated offense" means any criminal offense that includes either of the following: (i) engaging in a sexual act involving vaginal, anal, or oral penetration with a victim of any age through the use of force or the threat of serious violence; or (ii) engaging in a sexual act involving vaginal, anal, or oral penetration with a victim who is less than 12 years old. The written notice shall include the name and address of the institution of higher education at which the student is or was enrolled. If the person has any new or different online identifiers, then the person shall provide those online identifiers to the sheriff. Whether the person still uses or intends to use the name under which the person registered and last reported to the sheriff.The communication is conveyed via computers connected over a network such as the Internet. 14-202(d), (e), (f), (g), or (h), or a second or subsequent conviction for a violation of G. 14-202(a), (a1), or (c), only if the court sentencing the individual issues an order pursuant to G. (f) If a person required to register changes his or her name pursuant to Chapter 101 of the General Statutes or by any other method, then the person shall, within three business days, report in person to the sheriff of the county with whom the person registered to provide the name change to the sheriff. (b) Any person may obtain a copy of an individual's registration form, a part of the county registry, or all of the county registry, by submitting a written request for the information to the sheriff.(1h) "Institution of higher education" means any postsecondary public or private educational institution, including any trade or professional institution, college, or university. The term also includes the following if the person convicted of the following is not the minor's parent: a solicitation or conspiracy to commit any of these offenses; aiding and abetting any of these offenses. The sheriff shall immediately forward this information to the Department of Public Safety. However, the identity of the victim of an offense that requires registration under this Article shall not be released.(1k) "Nonresident student" means a person who is not a resident of North Carolina but who is enrolled in any type of school in the State on a part-time or full-time basis. A detention facility operated by a local government in this State or another state. A final conviction for aiding and abetting is a reportable conviction only if the court sentencing the individual finds that the registration of that individual under this Article furthers the purposes of this Article as stated in G. (6) Fails to inform the registering sheriff of employment at an institution of higher education or termination of employment at an institution of higher education. (8) Reports his or her intent to reside in another state or jurisdiction but remains in this State without reporting to the sheriff in the manner required by G. (b) Before a person convicted of a violation of this Article is due to be released from a penal institution, an official of the penal institution shall conduct the prerelease notification procedures specified under G. (2) Harbor, attempt to harbor, or assist another person in harboring or attempting to harbor, the offender.Therefore, it is the purpose of this Article to assist law enforcement agencies' efforts to protect communities by requiring persons who are convicted of sex offenses or of certain other offenses committed against minors to register with law enforcement agencies, to require the exchange of relevant information about those offenders among law enforcement agencies, and to authorize the access to necessary and relevant information about those offenders to others as provided in this Article. (1b) "County registry" means the information compiled by the sheriff of a county in compliance with this Article. The sheriff shall immediately forward this information to the Department of Public Safety. If the person has any new or different name, then the person shall provide that name to the sheriff.
Sex Offender and Public Protection Registration Programs. Registration Programs, Purpose and Definitions Generally. Further, the General Assembly recognizes that law enforcement officers' efforts to protect communities, conduct investigations, and quickly apprehend offenders who commit sex offenses or certain offenses against minors are impaired by the lack of information available to law enforcement agencies about convicted offenders who live within the agency's jurisdiction. (c) If a person required to register changes his or her academic status either by enrolling as a student or by terminating enrollment as a student, then the person shall, within three business days, report in person to the sheriff of the county with whom the person registered and provide written notice of the person's new status. If the person has a different address, then the person shall indicate that fact and the new address. Whether the person still uses or intends to use any online identifiers last reported to the sheriff. The General Assembly also recognizes that persons who commit certain other types of offenses against minors, such as kidnapping, pose significant and unacceptable threats to the public safety and welfare of the children in this State and that the protection of those children is of great governmental interest. If the sheriff is notified by the sexual offender that he or she intends to remain in this State, the sheriff shall promptly report this information to the Department of Public Safety. Whether the person still resides at the address last reported to the sheriff.(1f) "Entity" means a business or organization that provides Internet service, electronic communications service, remote computing service, online service, electronic mail service, or electronic instant message or chat services whether the business or organization is within or outside the State. (e) If a person required to register changes an online identifier, or obtains a new online identifier, then the person shall, within 10 days, report in person to the sheriff of the county with whom the person registered to provide the new or changed online identifier information to the sheriff. A person who willfully fails to comply with this subsection is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor. Registration information is public record; access to registration information. 14-208.22 regarding a person's medical records or documentation of treatment for the person's mental abnormality or personality disorder shall not be a part of the public record.(1g) "Instant Message" means a form of real-time text communication between two or more people. The sheriff shall immediately forward this information to the Department of Public Safety. (a) The following information regarding a person required to register under this Article is public record and shall be available for public inspection: name, sex, address, physical description, picture, conviction date, offense for which registration was required, the sentence imposed as a result of the conviction, and registration status. The sheriff shall release any other relevant information that is necessary to protect the public concerning a specific person, but shall not release the identity of the victim of the offense that required registration under this Article.
(1d) "Electronic mail" means the transmission of information or communication by the use of the Internet, a computer, a facsimile machine, a pager, a cellular telephone, a video recorder, or other electronic means sent to a person identified by a unique address or address number and received by that person. 14-43.14, only if the court sentencing the individual issues an order pursuant to G. The written notice shall include the name and address of the institution of higher education at which the person is or was employed. (4) If the person fails to return the verification form in person to the sheriff within three business days after receipt of the form, the person is subject to the penalties provided in G. If the person cannot be found at the registered address and has failed to report a change of address, the person is subject to the penalties provided in G. 14-208.11, unless the person reports in person to the sheriff and proves that the person has not changed his or her residential address. - During the period that an offender is required to be registered under this Article, the sheriff is authorized to attempt to verify that the offender continues to reside at the address last registered by the offender. - If it appears to the sheriff that the current photograph of the sex offender no longer provides a true and accurate likeness of the sex offender, upon in-person notice from the sheriff, the sex offender shall allow the sheriff to take another photograph of the sex offender at the time of the sheriff's request.(1e) "Employed" includes employment that is full-time or part-time for a period of time exceeding 14 days or for an aggregate period of time exceeding 30 days during any calendar year, whether financially compensated, volunteered, or for the purpose of government or educational benefit. The sheriff shall immediately forward this information to the Department of Public Safety. If requested by the sheriff, the sex offender shall appear in person at the sheriff's office during normal business hours within three business days of being requested to do so and shall allow the sheriff to take another photograph of the sex offender.