For example, in 1835 North Carolina reversed its policies and limited voting to whites only, It was founded upon the principles of equality originally set forth in the governing documents of the Republic. In Georgia, 28 black legislators were elected as Republicans, but Democratic officials decided that even though blacks had the right to vote in Georgia, they did not have the right to hold office; the 28 black members were therefore expelled.
In an 1865 publication documenting the history of black voting rights, Philadelphia attorney John Hancock confirmed that the Declaration of Independence set forth equal rights to all. diminish the happiness of the people and endanger the stability and permanency of the Union. Specific Constitutional Rights for African-Americans When Abraham Lincoln was elected the first Republican President in 1861 (along with the first ever Republican Congress), southern pro-slavery Democrats saw the handwriting on the wall. Because of such blatant attempts to nullify the guarantees of the 14th Amendment, the Republican Congress passed the 15th Amendment to give explicit voting rights to African-Americans.
A black civil rights leader recently told an assembly at Michigan State University that American democracy was only decades old rather than centuries that not until the 1965 Voting Rights Act when blacks could vote did democracy truly begin.
Such a declaration does not accurately portray the history of black voting in America nor does it honor the thousands of blacks who sacrificed their lives obtaining the right to vote and who exercised that right as long as two centuries ago.
For example, in 1789 Congress banned slavery in any federally held territory; in 1794, In 1820, however, following the death of most of the Founding Fathers, a new generation of leaders in Congress halted and reversed this early progress through acts such as the Missouri Compromise, which permitted the admission of new slave-holding States. In Texas, 42 blacks were elected to the State Legislature, etc. These Republican legislatures moved quickly to protect voting rights for blacks, prohibit segregation, establish public education, and open public transportation, State police, juries, and other institutions to blacks.In fact, most today are completely unaware that it was not Democrats but was actually Republicans like the seven pictured on the front cover who not only helped achieve the passage of explicit constitutional voting rights for blacks in 1870 but who also held hundreds of elected offices during the 1800s.Black Voting in the 1700s Acknowledgment that blacks voted long before the 1965 Voting Rights Act was provided in the infamous 1856 Dred Scott decision in which a Democratic-controlled US Supreme Court observed that blacks had no rights which a white man was bound to respect; and that the Negro might justly and lawfully be reduced to slavery for his benefit. Non-Democrat Justice Benjamin R.It contains not a word nor a clause regarding color. are calculated to lead to the most alarming and dangerous consequences and . They left the Union and took their States with them, forming a brand new nation: the Confederate States of America, and their followers became known as Rebels. In fact, because the Rebels had taken up arms against their own nation an act of treason according to the Constitution ( Treason against the United States shall consist only in levying war against them . Significantly, not one of the 56 Democrats serving in Congress at that time voted for the 15th Amendment.
This policy was loudly lamented and strenuously opposed by the few Founders remaining alive. ) During the time when most southern Democrats had not yet signed the oath of fidelity to the United States and therefore could not vote, they still found ways to intimidate and keep blacks from voting.
Elias Boudinot a president of Congress during the Revolution warned that this new direction by Congress would bring an end to the happiness of the United States. This new anti-civil rights attitude in Congress was also reflected in many of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. For example, in 1865-1866, the Ku Klux Klan was formed by Democrats to overthrow Republicans and pave the way for Democrats to regain control In addition to the use of force, southern Democrats also relied on absurd technicalities to limit blacks.