Because of introduced diseases, the population fell greatly, to 45,000 in 1935.
The Office of the Auditor-General in Vanuatu was established and governed by Article 25 of the Constitution of the Republic of Vanuatu and the Expenditure Review and Audit Act 1998 [cap.241] (Act 3/98) as amended in 2000 (36/2000).
The staff of the office of the Auditor-General are public servants which means they are recruited and appointed by the public service commission.
Europeans began settling the islands in the late 18th century, after British explorer James Cook visited the islands on his second voyage, and gave them the name New Hebrides.
In 1887, the islands began to be administered by a French-British naval commission.
The archipelago is located some 1,750 km (1090 mi) east of Australia, 500 km (310 mi) north-east of New Caledonia, west of Fiji and south of the Solomon Islands. Europeans began to settle in the area in the late 18th century and in 1906 Britain and France officially claimed the country, jointly managing it through the British-French Condominium.
An independence movement was established in the 1970s, and the Republic of Vanuatu was created in 1980.
Many of the islands of Vanuatu have been inhabited for thousands of years, the oldest archaeological evidence found dating to 1300 BC.In 1606, the Spanish expedition led by explorers Luis Váez de Torres and Pedro Fernández de Quirós became the first Europeans to reach the islands, believing it to be part of Terra Australis.