The Cambridge Biomedical Campus, one of the largest biomedical research clusters in the world, is soon to be home to Astra Zeneca, a hotel and the relocated Papworth Hospital.
Parker's Piece hosted the first ever game of Association football.
There is archaeological evidence of settlement in the area in the Bronze Age and in Roman Britain; under Viking rule, Cambridge became an important trading centre.
The first town charters were granted in the 12th century, although city status was not conferred until 1951.
The skyline is dominated by the last two buildings, along with the spire of the Our Lady and the English Martyrs Church, the chimney of Addenbrooke's Hospital and St John's College Chapel tower.
For the city in Ontario, Canada, see Cambridge, Ontario.
For other uses, see Cambridge (disambiguation).) is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam about 50 miles (80 km) north of London.
At the United Kingdom Census 2011, its population was 123,867, including 24,488 students.
The Strawberry Fair music and arts festival and Midsummer Fairs are held on Midsummer Common, and the annual Cambridge Beer Festival takes place on Jesus Green.
Cambridge is at the heart of the high-technology Silicon Fen with industries such as software and bioscience and many start-up companies spun out of the university.
More than 40% of the workforce has a higher education qualification, more than twice the national average.